Difference between FII & DII

Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) and domestic institutional investors (DIIs) are two of the stock market’s main types of institutional investors. FIIs are typically large investment firms based in other countries, while DIIs are typically domestic investment firms.

Institutional investors commonly hold interests in mutual funds, insurance companies, hedge funds, and pension funds. They can, however, be further broken down into FIIs and DIIs. Are you familiar with what is FII and DII in the stock market? If not, let’s discuss DII and FII meaning in detail here and compare FII vs DII.

Difference between fii & dii

FIIs and DIIs can significantly impact the stock market, as they often invest large sums of money into stocks. This can cause stock prices to rise or fall depending on the direction of the FII or DII investment.

FIIs and DIIs often have different investment strategies, which can lead to varying results in the stock market. For example, FIIs may be more likely to invest in stocks that are seen as undervalued, while DIIs may be more likely to invest in stocks that are seen as stable and safe.

Who are FIIs?

What does FII mean in the share market? Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) are large organizations that manage investments on behalf of institutions and individuals from outside of the country in which they are investing. In the stock market, FIIs play an important role in providing liquidity and stability.

FIIs can be either passive or active investors. Passive investors generally purchase many shares and hold them for a long period, while active investors may trade their shares more frequently.

Many FIIs are registered with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and are subject to the same regulations as Indian institutional investors. However, some FIIs are not registered with SEBI and are subject to different rules.

FIIs have been a major source of capital inflows in the Indian stock market in recent years. The increase in FII investment has been a key factor in the strong performance of the Indian stock market in recent years. However, it is important to note that FIIs can also be a source of capital outflows from the market, and their investment decisions can significantly impact stock prices.

FII (foreign institutional investors) restrictions on buying Indian stocks:

  1. FIIs are permitted to invest up to 10% of their total capital in the stock of a single firm.
  2. Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) are only allowed to invest up to 20% of the paid-up capital of public sector banks.
  3. The maximum amount that foreign institutional investors (FIIs) may contribute to the paid-in capital of an Indian firm is 24%.
  4. If the specific firms gain consent from their shareholders, the maximum level might be increased to 30%.

Who are DIIs?

DIIs are institutional investors who trade in the stock market. They include banks, insurance companies, mutual funds, and pension funds. DIIs play a significant role in the stock market, accounting for a large portion of the trading volume.

The performance of the stock market in India is heavily influenced by local institutional investors, particularly whenever foreign institutional investors are the major sellers in the nation. Domestic institutional investors (DIIs) have invested more money in the Indian stock market than the predetermined benchmark of Rs. 2 trillion in 2022.

The Life Insurance Corporation, for instance, is the most well-known domestic institutional investor in India (DII).

Additional lists of DII in India

  • ICICI Prudential
  • Nippon AMC
  • HDFC Life


  • FIIs tend to be more active in the market, making more trades and holding positions for shorter periods than DIIs. They also tend to be more volatile, meaning their investment decisions can impact the market more.
  • DIIs, on the other hand, are more focused on long-term investments and are less likely to make sudden, dramatic changes to their portfolios. This makes them more stable and predictable, which can be helpful for investors who are looking for stability in the market.
  • FII are typically bigger investors than DIIs. They often have more money to invest and, as a result, can have a bigger impact on the market. 
  • FII tend to be more active traders than DIIs. They buy and sell stocks more frequently and, consequently, can drive up prices. 
  • FIIs must do further and more in-depth studies because they are not citizens of the nation they are investing in. In other words, they need a stronger research and development (R&D) team than the DIIs. However, as a result of this improved analysis, investors are more confident in FII investments.
  • FII are more likely to invest in foreign companies than DIIs. This means that they can be more volatile, making their investment decisions more difficult to predict.

FIIs and DIIs can significantly impact the stock market, but they tend to operate in different ways. Understanding the difference between these two types of investors can help you make more informed investment decisions.


FIIs and DIIs are two types of institutional investors that vary depending on the nation and the investments they make. FIIs and DIIs are important market participants and greatly impact the market.

Huge FII sales have an impact on market liquidity. A significant FII outflow might be a red flag for the market. However, the market’s negative impact is lessened when DII purchase and FII sell are in sync.

You can predict future market patterns by keeping an eye on the FII DII statistics. Before basing your financial choices on these data, you must ascertain the rationale behind their activities. Before making investing judgments based on these facts, evaluating the motivations underlying their activities is vital.

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