What is NCDEX? – Meaning & Benefits

The National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange Limited (NCDEX) is an online multi-commodity exchange in India. It was established in 2003 and is based in Mumbai. 

NCDEX is a public company with equity from financial institutions and corporations. In terms of market share for agricultural derivative contracts for the Financial Year ending March 2021, NCDEX is the largest agricultural derivatives exchange in India, with a 75% market share.

The exchange has a nationwide presence and operates under the regulatory framework of the Commodities Futures Markets Regulation Act, 1952, and is registered with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

NCDEX market offers trading in various commodity derivatives contracts, including futures and options. The exchange has 62 members, which include banks, financial institutions, corporates, primary dealers, brokerages, and individual investors.

NCDEX has been playing a vital role in the development of the commodity futures markets in India. It has helped to create a level playing field for all market participants and has also helped to promote price discovery and risk management in the commodities markets.

If done correctly, NCDEX trading may greatly increase your revenue. Given that India is one of the world’s top producers of grains like rice, wheat, and milk, it also helps to advance the country’s agricultural industry.

What is NCDEX?

It is a commodities market that focuses only on the trade of agricultural goods. It has a board of directors possessing knowledge of the agricultural goods industry. The NCDEX’s primary goal is to offer a trading environment for market participants looking to transact in agricultural goods.

what is ncdex

The Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), the National Stock Exchange, and the National Bank of Agricultural and Rural Development (NABARD) are some of the top financial institutions in India that support it.

The NCDEX is essential to India’s expanding agricultural industry because it allows investors to invest directly in various agricultural products and gives sellers access to year-round price discovery.

There are 22 commodities on NCDEX that are allowed for trading on the online market. The products include guars, pulses, and spices, none of which are traded on any other international marketplace. As a result, the commodities, which are relevant to India economically, play a significant role in the nation’s commerce.

Approximately 48% of the pulses, 50% of the food grains, 58% of the spices, and almost 100% of the sugarcane, cotton seeds, oilseeds, guar seeds, and cotton fibre produced in India are covered by price signals from NCDEX. The NCDEX price signals are delivered daily to around 2,100 rural markets.

What Does NCDEX Do?

As the market changes, agricultural commodity prices fluctuate. Excessive rain, droughts, the entrance of monsoon season, and storms also impact agricultural product prices. 

Imagine a farmer who anticipates a future price decline and wants to protect themselves from risk. He engages in a futures contract, agreeing to sell his goods at a certain price later. To assist a deal, NCDEX is a mediator between a farmer and a potential customer.

For example, Mr. X is a farmer. He must sign a contract agreeing to trade his commodities at a specific price after a specific period to use the NCDEX online trading platform

Thus, a futures contract, an agreement between a seller and a buyer, can be used in this commodity trading. The contract also outlines the agreed sum the purchaser will pay whenever the seller supplies the product at a certain future date.

Every trading day ends with a settlement price for each commodity, contrasted with the agreed amount. The difference is credited to the trading account when the settlement price exceeds the market price. The trading account gets debited for the difference if it is lower.

Benefits Of Trading In NCDEX

  • Even if a farmer is not engaged in the futures market, the NCDEX commodities exchange supports them in the price identification process and helps them price their commodities more properly.
  • With a year-round facility, NCDEX has enabled market transparency, assisting Indian farmers in learning agricultural prices.
  • Previously, middlemen, sometimes called commission agents, were in charge of most market analyses in India. Farmers’ costs for pricing data are decreased by eliminating middlemen with the advent of online commodities exchanges like NCDEX.
  • By standardizing the quality criteria of different products through contracts, exchanges like NCDEX Commodity have increased quality awareness. Farmers are increasingly concentrating on using agricultural techniques nowadays to produce high-quality crops.
  • Farmers now have access to a market ecology where they are well-informed about market prices, enabling them to make wiser business decisions. The real-time exchange of commodities futures prices also helps farmers allocate resources for the next seasons.
  • Even small and retail traders may now trade using futures contracts to invest and engage in agricultural commodities, thanks to NCDEX.
  • It aids farmers in protecting themselves from risks and potential losses.
  • Although the NCDEX is yet new by specific standards, traders and significant market players already use contracts for hedging and speculation. As India’s agricultural industry expands in production and exports, this tendency is expected to persist.


Investing in commodities through NCDEX is an excellent method to diversify your portfolio. Studying a company’s free cash flow and cash flow statement can help you make an informed choice.

The reasonable margins offered by commodity trading draw many participants to it. NCDEX is new and is still evolving. But by easing the trade of agricultural products in a bustling market, it has already solidified itself as a significant participant in the Indian agricultural industry.

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