What is Support and Resistance in the Stock Market?

When analyzing a stock, traders will often look at areas where the stock has found support or resistance in the past. Support and resistance are simply price levels where the stock has had trouble breaking through in the past. These levels can help predict where the stock might struggle in the future.

What is Support and Resistance in the Stock Market

Support is found when a downturn is predicted to pause because of a demand concentration. Resistance develops when supply is concentrated, and a rise is anticipated to stall momentarily.

Support and resistance levels are not always exact and can change over time. However, they can be a helpful tool for traders to use when making investment decisions. Let’s look deeper into them!

What is Support?

Support, as its name would imply, is anything that stops the price or value from dropping any further. The support level is the price on the chart at which the trader anticipates the maximum amount of demand (in terms of purchasing) entering the stock or index. When the price touches the support level, it will probably rise again. The support level is always below the price of the present market.

The price has the greatest chance of falling till the support, consolidating, absorbing all of the demand, and then beginning to rise. Support is a crucial technical level market participants search for in a declining market. The support frequently serves as a purchase trigger.

What is Resistance?

Resistance in the stock market is the opposite of support. As its name implies, it is anything that prevents a price increase. The level of resistance is the price on the chart wherein investors anticipate the greatest amount of selling for the stock or index. The resistance point is always higher than the price of the market.

Price inflation to the resistance line will likely be followed by consolidation, total supply consumption, and price decline. In a rising market, one of the crucial technical analysis tools that market players consider is resistance. Selling is frequently triggered by resistance.

Reliability of Support and Resistance

Investors and analysts often debate the reliability of support and resistance in the stock market. Some believe these levels are real and significant, while others view them as arbitrary lines on a chart. There is no definitive answer, but some evidence suggests that support and resistance levels can be meaningful.

One study found that when a stock price breaks through a resistance level, it often moves higher in the short term. This suggests that resistance levels can be meaningful, at least in the short term. 

Another study looked at support and resistance levels generated using different methods and found that the levels generated using Fibonacci ratios were more reliable than those generated using other methods.

Only a potential price reversal is suggested by the resistance and support levels. They should never be taken for granted. When performing technical analysis, it is important to consider the probability of an incident occurring based on trends.

To assess the reliability of resistance and support lines, traders consider four key aspects: trading volumes, price moves, touch count, and period.


While there is no clear consensus on the reliability of support and resistance levels, some evidence suggests that they can be meaningful. Investors and analysts should be aware of these levels rather than relying on them blindly.

To better forecast future occurrences, traders often consider instances and the circumstances preceding those instances where price movement has breached a resistance or support line. 

A former support line can frequently turn into a resistance line, indicating a sharp price decline. On the other hand, a support line might also become a resistance line if prices sharply decline.

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